Monday, June 28, 2010


The art of designing sequences of movements in which motion, form, or both are specified:


Fuzzy Logic

A form of multi-valued logic to deal with reasoning that is approximate rather than precise, and has been applied to many fields such as control theory, artificial intelligence, etc.:

Fuzzy Logic

Soil Contamination

The longest or most persistent potential for harboring a pathogen:

Soil Contamination


A biological agent that causes disease to its host:


Saturday, June 26, 2010


A Pre-Socratic Greek philosopher who was the first philosopher to bring philosophy from Ionia to Athens:

Anaxagoras (500 BC – 428 BC) advanced scientific knowledge by working out the true cause of astronomical eclipses.


The earliest written literature dates from about 2600 BC, when long epic poems started being written by:



The semi-aquatic mammal endemic to eastern Australia, including Tasmania which is the sole living representative of its family, Ornithorhynchidae and genus Ornithorhynchus:


Bass Strait

The sea strait separating Tasmania from the south of the Australian mainland:

Bass Strait
Note: Tasmania is an Australian island and state, located 240 kilometres south of the continent, from which it is separated by Bass Strait.

Wednesday, June 23, 2010


A ceremonial county and unitary authority in England in the United Kingdom, forming the tip of the south-western peninsula of Great Britain:

Note: The Cornish are the people of Cornwall.


An influential romance and tragedy which has been retold in numerous sources with as many variations is the legend of Tristan and:

The tragic story is the adulterous love between the Cornish knight Tristan and the Irish princess Iseult.


A historical monument, a fire temple in Dāmghān, during the Sassanid dynasty which was converted into a mosque after the advent of Islam:

Dāmghān is a city in Semnan Province, Iran.


The Sassanid Empire

The last pre-Islamic Persian Empire:

The Sassanid Empire (also is spelled Sassanian, Sasanian, or Sasanid Empire)
The Sassanid Empire ruled by the Sasanian Dynasty from year 224 to 651.

Monday, June 21, 2010


The first synthetic organic dye:

Mauveine (also known as aniline purple and Perkin's mauve)
Mauveine is discovered in 1856 by 18-year old English chemist Sir William Henry Perkin (1838–1907).


Manufactured wood, made by gluing together a number of thin veneers or plies of softwood or hardwood:

The ancient Egyptians crafted the first plywood(s) nearly 6,000 years ago.


Mammals that lay eggs instead of giving birth to live young are called:


Kinetic Energy

The work needed to accelerate a body of a given mass from rest to its current velocity defines:

Kinetic Energy
The kinetic energy of an object is the extra energy that the object possesses because of its motion.


Review Items No. 261-280

261. The search engine Microsoft launched in 2009:

262. The city named as the Host City for the 2016 Olympic Games:

Rio de Janeiro

263. The UK airline which went in to administration in 2009, with the cancellation of all scheduled flights:


264. Mount Ararat is a snow-capped, dormant volcanic cone, with two peaks, in:


265. The 1996 film, directed by Danny Boyle, based on and with the same name as the first novel by Scottish writer Irvine Welsh:


266. The mountain is said to hold magical powers in the Shahnameh:

Mount Damavand
The first verse of this poem reads:
"Oh white demon with feet in chains
Oh terrestrial dome, Oh Mount Damāvand"
Mount Damāvand, also known as Donbavand, a potentially active volcano and the highest peak in Iran, has a special place in

Persian mythology and folklore. Located in the middle Alborz Range, it is the highest point in the Middle East and the highest volcano in all of


267. The longest and also the widest single nerve in the human body:

Sciatic nerve

268. The second-closest planet to the Sun:

Remember: Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun.

269. The country known as Cockpit of Europe:


270. Since the Middle Ages, Monaco has been ruled by:

House of Grimaldi

271. The practice of eating earthy or soil-like substances such as clay and chalk, in order to obtain essential nutrients such as sulfur and phosphorus from

the soil, is called:


272. The instrument used for measuring relative humidity:


273. The 1959 epic film starring Charlton Heston which won 11 Oscars:

Ben-Hur (or Benhur)

274. The name of Dorothy Gale's dog in The Wizard of Oz:


275. A young turkey:


276. The capital of India:

New Delhi

277. The derogatory term for television:

Idiot Box

278. The 2012 Summer Olympic Games are due to take place in:

London (United Kingdom)
Note: The 2012 Summer Olympic Games are officially known as the Games of the XXX Olympiad.

279. The nickname of the US state of Florida that is also used for New Mexico, California and South Dakota:

Sunshine State

280. The solid form of carbon dioxide:

Dry Ice
Dry ice is sometimes referred to as Cardice or as card ice.

Review Items No. 241-260

241. Alabama is unofficially nicknamed as:

Yellowhammer State

242. The "http" people type at the beginning of any site's address stands for:

Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

243. The author of Adventures of Sherlock Holmes:

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

244. Bacteria was discovered by:

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

245. The Land of Maple Leaf:


246. Checkmate is a ballet with music written by the British composer:

Arthur Bliss

247. The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex is a book on evolutionary theory by:

Charles Darwin

248. The official currency of Afghanistan:


249. The inventor of the petrol powered automobile (gasoline-powered automobile):

Karl Friedrich Benz

250. At the 2008 Beijing Olympics, the discipline started even before the official opening ceremony was:

Football (Soccer)

251. The ocean that covers approximately one-fifth of the Earth's surface and about one-quarter of the Earth's water surface area:

Atlantic Ocean
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest oceanic divisions of the world.

252. The island known as the Island of Pearls:


253. The White City is:

Belgrade is the capital and largest city of Serbia. Its name in Serbian translates to White City.

254. The world's tallest currently-active geyser:

Steamboat Geyser
Steamboat Geyser is in Yellowstone National Park's Norris Geyser Basin. During major eruptions, water may be thrown more than 300 feet (90m) into the air.

255. 2001: A Space Odyssey is written by:

Arthur C. Clarke

256. The pop music group formed in Sweden in 1970, consisting of Anni-Frid Lyngstad (Frida), Björn Ulvaeus, Benny Andersson (the "B-boys") and Agnetha Fältskog (Anna):


257. The currency of Denmark:

Krone (the cognate of "Crown")

258. The bird with the largest wingspans of any extant birds:


259. The professional basketball team based in Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States:

Timberwolves (Minnesota Timberwolves)

260. Harry Potter is a series of seven fantasy novels written by British author:

J. K. Rowling

J. K. Rowling

Review Items No. 221-240

221. The stethoscope was invented in France in 1816 by:

Rene Theoplhie Laennec

222. The Land of the Golden Fleece is:

The land of the Golden Fleece is a legendary country, but the Greeks were impressed by the Colchis region of Georgia (in ancient geography, Colchis or Kolkhis was an ancient Georgian

state kingdom and region).

223. Japanese geometrical puzzles in Euclidean geometry on wooden tablets are:


224. The city of Chicago is widely recognized as:

Windy City

225. The lady who won the Miss Universe 2004 crown is:

Jennifer Hawkins

226. A linear-shaped lowland between highlands or mountain ranges, created by tensional forces that are strong enough to cause the plate to split apart, is called:



227. The biggest state of US is:


228. The most popular indoor sport in US is:


229. A closed or exclusive set of information services provided for users is called:

Walled Garden

230. In December 2009, TimeWarner split from:


231. The city known as Holy Land is:


232. One of the top wine regions in the United States and the world, located in Napa County, California, USA:

Napa Valley

233. The broad prehistoric time period during which humans widely used stone for toolmaking is:

Stone Age

234. A type of beer brewed from malted barley using a top-fermenting brewers' yeast:


235. An alternative name for measles in English-speaking countries is:


236. The huge bell on display on the grounds of the Moscow Kremlin (the largest bell in existence):

Tsar Bell

237. The great movie developed by director/star Kevin Costner over five years, high production values, won 7 Academy Awards and the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture -


Dances with Wolves

238. Currently the World No. 1 American professional golfer and the highest-paid professional athlete in 2008 is:

Tiger Woods
Full name Eldrick Tont Woods
Nickname Tiger

239. The capital of the People's Republic of China is:


240. The city where the first Modern Olympics was held:


Review Items No. 201-220

201. The world's largest furniture retailer is:


202. The cracker-like flat bread made of white plain flour and water is called:

Matzo (also Matzah, Matzoh or Matsah)

203. The American punk rock band from Albany, California and formed in 1991 is:


204. The main founder of Facebook is:

Mark Zuckerberg
Mark Zuckerberg founded Facebook with his college roommates and fellow computer science students Eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes.
Zuckerberg serves as Facebook's CEO.

205. The highest region on earth is:

With an average elevation of 4,900 metres (16,000 ft), Tibet is the highest region on earth. It is referred to as the roof of the world.

206. The first Chinese leader who grew up in the aftermath of the revolution that established communism in 1949 is:

Hu Jintao
Hu Jintao is the President of the People's Republic of China since 2003.
He is also the Paramount Leader of China, holding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.

207. The core of the Sun has a temperature of:

14,000,000 °C
The core of the Sun has a temperature of close to 13,600,000 Kelvin ([Kelvin] = [°C] + 273.15); roughly 14,000,000 °C or 14,000,000 Kelvin.

208. The Greatest Wrestler of the 20th Century in Freestyle is:

Alexander Medved
Alexander Medved is also considered by some to be the best freestyle wrestler of all time.

209. The densest natural element is:

The density of osmium is 22.61 g/cm3, slightly greater than that of iridium, the second densest element.

210. The Internet and multimedia enabled smartphone designed and marketed by Apple Inc. is:


211. The son of Zeus and Leto is:

In Greek and Roman mythology, Apollo is one of the most important the Olympian deities.

212. The land of white elephant is:


213. A set of aims and ideas that directs one's goals and actions and forms the basis of a political, economic or other systemis is called:


214. Awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Literature:

Herta Müller

215. The river that was known as the River of Sorrows is:

Damodar River

216. The branch of health care devoted to the study, diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle and lower leg is:


217. The smallest extant bird species is:

Bee Hummingbird

218. The Land of the Morning Calm is:


219. The only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years is:

Vesuvius (east of Naples, Italy)

220. The sport term pertaining to winning of all the matches, championships, etc. in a group of sport matches is:

Grand Slam
The best known Grand Slams are those in Tennis (Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon and US Open), Golf (US Open, British Open, Masters and PGA) and Rugby (Six Nations


Review Items No. 181-200

181. An acid derived from one or more inorganic compounds is called:

Mineral Acid
Commonly used mineral acids are nitric acid, sulfuric acid and hydrochloric.

182. The most popular mainframe operating system is:


183. MVS stands for:

Multiple Virtual Storage

Multiple Virtual Storage, commonly called MVS, developed by IBM, was the most commonly used operating system on the System/370 and System/390 IBM mainframe

computers. First released in 1974, MVS had been renamed multiple times, first to MVS/XA, next to MVS/ESA, then to OS/390 and

finally to z/OS .

184. The largest desert in North America, located in the western United States is:

Great Basin Desert

185. The biggest coffee producers in the world is:


186. The new crew launch vehicle being developed by NASA is:

Ares I
In October 28, 2009, Ares I-X was successfully launched. Ares I-X was the first test flight in the Ares I program.

187. The country known as "country of copper" is:


188. The coldest place on Earth is:


189. COBOL, one of the oldest programming languages, was initially created by:

Grace Hopper

Grace Hopper (1906 – 1992)

190. The chain of islands in the Caribbean including ABC islands and Venezuelan archipelago is called:

Leeward Antilles

191. Vienna (local name Österreich) is the capital and also one of the nine states of:


Flag of Austria

192. The only animals other than humans that have been shown to transmit identity information independent of the caller’s voice or location are:


193. The nuclear reactor accident, occurred on 26 April 1986 in Ukraine (then part of the Soviet Union) was:

Chernobyl Disaster

194. The animal, commonly known as the American Buffalo (although "Buffalo" is somewhat of a misnomer for this animal), which were hunted almost to extinction in the 19th century is:

American Bison

195. Any period marked by a greatly increased birth rate is called:

Baby Boom

196. The river that runs through Fort Benning (one of the largest military installations in the world) is:

Chattahoochee River

197. The first country to pursue Karl Marx's dream of a workers' state was:


198. Samuel Morse inaugurated his first telegraph line between Washington, D.C. and Baltimore in:


199. The 1982 American science fiction film, directed by Ridley Scott and starring Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer and Sean Young is:

Blade Runner
Blade Runner was voted the sixth best science fiction film ever made as part of the AFI's 10 Top 10.

200. A form of jet engine that cannot produce thrust at zero airspeed and thus cannot move an aircraft from a standstill is:

A ramjet, also called a stovepipe jet, is a form of jet engine using the engine's forward motion to compress incoming air, without a rotary compressor.

Review Items No. 161-180

161. War and Peace, considered as one of the world's greatest novels, was written by:

Leo Tolstoy

162. Citizen Kane, considered as one of the world's greatest movies ever made, was directed and produced by:

Orson Welles

163. C++ (pronounced "C plus plus"), a general-purpose programming language, was developed by:

Bjarne Stroustrup



164. The capital, the largest city and the largest port of Azerbaijan (formally the Republic of Azerbaijan) is:


165. In 1973, the Cell Phone was invented by:

Martin Cooper

166. The longest river in Asia is:

Yangtze River
The Yangtze River is the longest river in China and Asia and the third-longest in the world, after the Nile and the Amazon.

167. The currency unit of Belarus, Russia and Transnistria is:

Ruble (or Rouble)

168. The most dangerous animal which is responsible for the most human deaths is:


169. The national currency used in China is:


170. A Dance to the Music of Time is a twelve-volume cycle of novels by:

Anthony Powell

171. In 2006, No. 5, 1948 was sold for $140,000,000; No. 5, 1948 is a painting by:

Jackson Pollock

172. Saving Private Ryan, a 1998 American war film set during the invasion of Normandy in World War II, was directed by:

Steven Spielberg

173. The third President of the United States (1801–1809) and the principal author of the Declaration of Independence is:

Thomas Jefferson
The First US President: George Washington
The Second US President: John Adams

174. One of the top ever French soccer players, manager and the current president of UEFA is:

Michel Platini

175. The highest mountain peak in the US and also in North America is:

Mount McKinley (or Denali)

176. The capital of Bangladesh is:

Dhaka was formerly known as Dacca and Jahangir Nagar, under Mughal rule.

177. The third most populated country in the world is:

United States
The first and the second most populated countries in the world are China and India, respectively.

178. From the 8th century BC to the 5th century AD, the Olympic Games were held in:

Olympia (in Greece)

179. The last messages from the God, the creator of all creatures, are written in:


180. The prophet who the God, the creator of all creatures, spoke with him was:


Review Items 141-160

141. In zoology, the biological order of mammals that includes monkeys, apes and man is:


142. The sport involving four and sometimes up to six motorcycle riders competing over four anti-clockwise laps of an oval circuit is called:


143. The inventor of paper were:

Ancient Chinese

144. The second President of the United States was:

John Adams
John Adams (1735–1826) was an American politician and the second President of the United States (1797–1801), after being the first Vice President (1789–1797) for two terms. He is

regarded as one of the most influential Founding Fathers of the United States.

John Adams

145. U.S. President George H. W. Bush said, "For me, Magic is a hero, a hero for anyone who loves sports." In this quote Magic is:

Earvin Johnson (Earvin "Magic" Johnson Jr.)
Earvin Johnson (1959-) is a retired American professional basketball player who played point guard for the Los Angeles Lakers of the NBA.

146. Blowin' in the Wind is a song written by:

Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan, born Robert Allen Zimmerman in 1941, is an American singer-songwriter, musician, painter, poet and

latter-day disc jockey who has been a major figure in popular music for five decades.

147. The Hunchback of Notre Dame (Notre-Dame de Paris) is written by:

Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo is sometimes identified as the greatest French poet.

148. The actress who began acting in commercials at 3 years old and her performance received international acclaim and her second Academy Award for Best Actress in

1991 is:

Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster is the first actress to receive two Oscars before the age of 30.

149. Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of:


150. The monument on the border between Argentina and Chile as a celebration of the peaceful resolution of the border dispute between the two countries is:

Christ the Redeemer of the Andes

151. The capital of the US state of California is:


152. D-Town and BIG D are nicknames for the US city of:


153. In 1945, the conference for the purpose of discussing Europe's postwar reorganization was:

Yalta Conference

154. A closed plane figure bounded by straight sides is called:


155. Hannibal Lecter is a fictional character in a series of novels by author:

Thomas Harris

156. Canberra is the capital city of:


157. The Galileo Galilei International Airport is located in the city of:



158. The largest state of the US is:


159. The country with the largest national economy in the world is:

The United States of America

160. The violence taking place in Darfur, Sudan began in 2003 is referred by:

The Darfur Conflict

Review Items 121-140

121. In tennis, the score that comes after deuce is:


122. The Australian chicken breed, a large, soft-feathered and good egg-layer bird, is:


123. The capital and the most populous city of the US state of Arkansas is:

Little Rock

124. The southernmost point of Asia is:

Pamana Island (Indonesia)

125. The Brothers Karamazov, a passionate philosophical novel, is written by:

Fyodor Dostoyevsky

126. In 1963, John F Kennedy assassinated in the city of:

Dallas (Texas)

127. The Scottish mathematician who invented logarithms was:

John Napier

128. The capital and largest city of Angola is:


129. The Japanese call their country as:


130. The city known as the City of Canals is:


131. The inventors of the hot air balloon are:

Montgolfier Brothers

132. The world’s largest dry desert is:


133. Bride of Frankenstein, a 1935 horror film, was directed by:

James Whale

134. The animal that makes the loudest sound in the world is:

Blue Whale

135. The capital and largest city of the US state of Arizona is:


136. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a children's novel written by:

L. Frank Baum

137. The series of trials from 1945 to 1946 for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military and economic leadership of Nazi Germany after its defeat in

World War II was:

The Nuremberg Trials

138. The capital and largest city of Armenia is:

Yerevan is sometimes written as Erevan, Erewan, Ayrivan and Erivan.

139. The Hindu god of love, desire and lust is:


140. The capital of Alaska is:


Review Items 101-120

101. The first President of the United States of America was:

George Washington

102. The study of horses is called:


103. The animated cartoon character who appeared in theatrical short films produced by the Walter Lantz animation studio is:

Woody Woodpecker

104. In 2003, The Da Vinci Code, a mystery-detective fiction novel, was written by:

Dan Brown

105. The capital of Alabama is:


106. The pastime which involves throwing a stone across a body of water in such a way that it bounces off the surface of the water is called:

Stone Skipping
Stone Skipping is also called Stone Skimming, Stone Skiting and Ducks and Drakes in the UK and Stone Skiffing in Ireland.

107. The first woman who hold a seat in the British parliament was:

Lady Nancy Astor

108. The capital and largest city of the Republic of Albania is:

109. The capital and largest city of Algeria is:


110. The jet engine was invented by:

Frank Whittle

111. The comedy of The Taming of the Shrew was written by:

William Shakespeare

112. The measuring instrument used to measure the electric current in a circuit is:

Electric currents are measured in amperes (A).

113. The sea that lies between Africa and Asia is:

The Red Sea

114. Casablanca is a 1942 American romantic drama film directed by:

Michael Curtiz

Michael Curtiz

Michael Curtiz (1886-1962) was a Hungarian-American filmmaker. He directed more than 150 movies such as The Adventures of Robin Hood, Casablanca and

White Christmas.

115. The mixed breed dog, a hybrid cross between a Golden Retriever and a Poodle is:


116. The first Zoroastrian Persian Emperor who respected the customs and religions of the lands he conquered was:

Cyrus the Great

117. The first American to orbit the Earth is:

John Glenn

118. The author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion is:

J. R. R. Tolkien

119. The capital and largest city of Andorra, a small country in southwestern Europe, is:

Andorra la Vella

120. The largest lake in Alaska is:

Iliamna Lake or Lake Iliamna

Review Items 81-100

81. The largest eyes of any land mammal belong to:

Horses have the largest eyes of any land mammal and as their eyes are positioned on the sides of their heads, they have a range of vision of more than 350°.

82. In Earth’s history, the period by its end, most dinosaurs become extinct was:

The Triassic is a geologic period that extends from about 251 to 199 million years ago. Both the start and end of the Triassic are marked by major extinction events.

83. A series of water waves that is caused when a large volume of a body of water, such as an ocean, is rapidly displaced is named:


84. The component added to some jet engines, primarily those on military supersonic aircraft, to provide a temporary increase in thrust, both for supersonic flight and for takeoff is:


85. The most common mammal in the world is:


86. The Spanish archipelago which forms one of the Spanish Autonomous Communities and an Outermost Region of the European Union is:

The Canary Islands

87. Any of several carnivorous mammals of the weasel family is called:


88. The most popular spice in the world is:


89. The name for a baby after eight weeks is:


90. The hybrid cross between a male lion and a female tigre is:


91. The song with music by Elton John and lyrics by Bernie Taupin, originally written in 1973, in honor of Marilyn Monroe, is:

Candle in the Wind

92. The inferior maxillary bone which forms the lower jaw and holds the lower teeth in place is:


93. The collection of freshwater lakes located in eastern North America, on the Canada – United States border is named:

The Great Lakes

94. The generic German term for an air force, also the name of the German Airforce in World War II, is:


95. The longest novel ever written is:

Artamène, or Cyrus the Great

Artamène, or Cyrus the Great is a novel in ten volumes by siblings Madeleine and Georges de Scudéry. At over 2,100,000 words, it is considered the longest novel ever written, with the

possible exception of Henry Darger's unpublished The Story of the Vivian Girls.

96. Charles Darwin's book, published 24 November 1859, a seminal work of scientific literature considered to be the foundation of evolutionary biology, is:

On the Origin of Species

97. The abbreviation E.G. stands for:

Exempli Gratia or For Example

98. Robinson Crusoe is a novel by:

Daniel Defoe

99. The capital of Afghanistan is:


100. Africa's largest country is:

Review Items No. 61-80

61. The device in which a moving fluid drives a wheel or motor is:


62. The strait between the North and South Islands of New Zealand is:

Cook Strait
Cook Strait is the strait between the North and South Islands of New Zealand. It connects the Tasman Sea on the west with the South Pacific Ocean on the east.

63. Theoretical temperature corresponds to minus 273.15 degrees on the Celsius scale is:

Absolute Zero

64. A kind of small, flat-baked bread product that is named from Latin via Middle French meaning "cooked twice" is:


65. The language that has more native speakers than any other language is:


66. The smallpox vaccine was discovered by:

Edward Jenner

67. The romantic drama and the only novel written by Margaret Mitchell is:

Gone with the Wind

68. The largest planet within the Solar System is:


69. The Godfather films were directed by:

Francis Ford Coppola

Francis Ford


70. The largest continent in area is:


71. The name of Roman god meaning "Shining Father", in Latin is:


72. The seven-a-side ball game that is played in a swimming pool is:

Water polo

73. The most populous city of the world is:


74. The animal that is found in coastal regions of eastern and southern Australia and its name means "doesn't drink" is:


75. The smallest planet in the Solar System is:


76. The largest kind of shark is:

Whale Shark

77. The longest bone in human body is:

In human anatomy, the femur is the longest and largest bone.

78. The show Sex and the City is set in:

New York City

79. The pharaoh of Egypt who killed herself by inducing an asp to bite her was:


80. The author of David Copperfield is:

Charles Dickens

Review Items No. 41-60

41. All Saints' Day, often shortened to All Saints, is a feast celebrated on:

November 1

42. The fictional character in the novel Don Quixote written by Spanish author Cervantes, who was Don Quixote’s squire is:

Sancho Panza

43. The Canadian city hosted the 1976 Olympics is:


44. The substance released by body tissues in allergic reactions is:


45. Golf was originated in:


46. The smallest ocean in the world is:

The Arctic Ocean

47. A full moon that is not timed to the regular monthly pattern is called:

Blue Moon
A blue moon is a full moon that is not timed to the regular monthly pattern; most years have twelve full moons which occur approximately monthly, but in addition to those twelve full lunar

cycles, each calendar year contains an excess of roughly eleven days. The extra days accumulate, so that every two or three years (on average about every 2.7154 years) there is an

extra full moon. The extra moon is called a "blue moon."

48. Chess was invented in:


49. The Iliad and the Odyssey was written by:


50. The first complete word in the dictionary is:


51. The author of Tarzan is:

Edgar Rice Burroughs (1875 – 1950) was an American author, best known for his creation of the jungle hero Tarzan although he produced works in many genres.

52. The world's largest lake is:

The Caspian Sea

53. The most common element on the Earth is:


54. The region of West Africa which is now the nation of Ghana was:

The Gold Coast

55. The longest river in the world is:

The Nile

56. Land of the Rising Sun is:


57. The longest highway in the world is:

The Trans-Canada Highway

58. Australia and New Zealand are seperated by:

The Tasman Sea

59. The train is a vehicle of transportation, which was invented in 1822 by an English inventor named:

George Stephenson

60. Relative to size, the strongest muscle in the body is:

Review Items No. 21-40

21. The tallest statue in the world is:

The Spring Temple Buddha

The Spring Temple Buddha is a statue depicting Vairocana Buddha located in Henan, China (height: 128m / 420ft).

22. Because of its abundance of

orchards and hop gardens, Kent is widely known as:

The Garden of England
(Kent is a county in southeast England.)

23. What was the name of the first computer game?

Tennis for Two

24. The Roman name for Portugal was:

(Lusitania was an ancient Roman province including approximately all of modern Portugal south of the Douro river, and part of modern Spain.)

25. The first official telephone call to the moon was made by:

Richard Nixon
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States (1969–1974).

26. The Scottish city, Aberdeen, is known as:

The Granite City
Aberdeen is Scotland's third most populous city. Nicknames include the Granite City, the Grey City and the Silver City with the Golden Sands.

27. The largest island in Canada is:

Baffin Island
It is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest island in the world.

28. The person who first succeeded in transmitting a radio signala cross the Atlantic Ocean was:
Marchese Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937) was an Italian inventor.

29. Burkina Faso was formerly called:

The Republic of Upper Volta
Burkina Faso, formerly called the Republic of Upper Volta, it was renamed on August 4, 1984, by President Thomas Sankara to mean "the land of upright people" in Moré and Dioula, the

major native languages of the country. Literally, "Burkina" may be translated, "men of integrity," from the Moré language, and "Faso" means "father's house" in Dioula.

Flag of Burkina Faso

30. In the Old Testament, the elder brother of Moses is:

Aaron31. The longest river in Europe is:

The Volga
The Volga is the largest river in Europe in terms of length, discharge, and watershed. It flows through the western part of Russia and is widely viewed as the national river of Russia.

32. The instrument in an aircraft that measures height above sea level is:

An altimeter is an instrument used to measure the altitude of an object above a fixed level. The measurement of altitude is called altimetry, which is related to the term bathymetry, the

measurement of depth underwater.


33. A stellar explosion is called:

It is the end time situation of a star which is going to be exploded. Supernovae are extremely luminous and cause a burst of radiation that often briefly outshines an entire galaxy, before

fading from view over several weeks or months. During this short interval, a supernova can radiate as much energy as the Sun could emit over its life span.34. Stocks or a financial market

of a group of securities in which prices are rising or are expected to rise are called:

Bull Market

35. The abnormal fear of spiders and other arachnids is called:


36. The bird that is used as the sign of peace is:


37. The fastest animal on earth is:

Peregrine Falcon
It can reach speeds over 322 km/h (200 mph) in a dive, making it the fastest animal in the


Peregrine Falcon

38. The basic form of transport; a frame for restraining horses, used by Native Americans is:


39. The other word for an alligator pear is:


Avocado/Alligator pear

40. The world’s deepest ocean is:

Pacific Ocean
Review Items No. 1-20

1. The sculptor of the statue of Liberty was:

Frederic Auguste Bartholdi

2. Brightest star as seen from the Earth:

Sirius (also known as Dog Star)

3. Inventor of dynamite:

Alfred B. Nobel

4. The god of love in Greek myth:

Aphrodite (Aphrodite is the goddess of love, known as Venus to the Romans.)

5. The largest sea in the world:

South China Sea

6. The world's oldest known city:


7. The lowest point on earth is:

The coastal area of Dead sea

8. The first explorer to reach the South Pole was:

Ronald Amundson

9. The country known as the land of the midnight sun is:


10. The youngest President of the USA:

Theodore Roosevelt

11. A form of government in which the head of state is not a monarch and the people have an contribution to its government:


12. Nearest star to the Earth (other than the Sun):

Proxima Centauri

13. The author of Alice in Wonderland:

Lewis Carroll

14. It is now believed that dinosaurs became extinct because of:

A Meteorite (A large meteorite is thought to have collided with the earth.)

15. Charles Darwin began developing his theory of evolution while voyaging on a ship named:

The Beagle

16. A robot that is designed to look and act like a human is called:


17. The largest museum in the world is:

The American Museum of Natural History

18. The country known as the Land of Cakes is:


19. The actor who is considered as the biggest cowboy star of silent movies is:

Tom Mix

20. Coal is known as:

Black Diamond

Sunday, June 20, 2010


If a lump of coal is squeezed for a long time at very high temperatures, it will end up with:

Most natural diamonds are formed at high-pressure high-temperature conditions existing at depths of 140 to 190 kilometers (87 to 120 mi) in the Earth mantle. Carbon-containing minerals provide the carbon source, and the growth occurs over periods from 1 billion to 3.3 billion years (25% to 75% of the age of the Earth). Diamonds are brought close to the Earth surface through deep volcanic eruptions by a magma, which cools into igneous rocks known as kimberlites and lamproites. Diamonds can also be produced synthetically in a high-pressure high-temperature process which approximately simulates the conditions in the Earth mantle. An alternative, and completely different growth technique is chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Several non-diamond materials, which include cubic zirconia and silicon carbide and are often called diamond simulants, resemble diamond in appearance and many properties. Special gemological techniques have been specially developed to distinguish natural and synthetic diamonds and diamond simulants [Reference].

Liquid Metals

Mercury, francium, caesium, gallium and rubidium are:

Liquid Metals
They are the five metallic elements which are liquid at room temperature.


Jawed fish with paired fins, paired nares, scales, two-chambered hearts, and skeletons made of cartilage rather than bone:

Chondrichthyes or Cartilaginous Fish
Sharks, rays and skates are cartilaginous fish; they have cartilage rather than bone.

Milky Way Galaxy

All the stars that our eyes can distinguish in the night sky are part of:

Milky Way Galaxy (or simply Galaxy)
The Milky Way Galaxy is the galaxy in which the Solar System is located; it has four spiral arms radiating out from a central cluster of stars or nucleus. Our solar system is located on one of the spiral arms, quite far from the center.

Friday, June 18, 2010

Ten-Day War

The brief military conflict between the Slovenian Territorial Defence and the Yugoslav People's Army in 1991 following Slovenia's declaration of independence:

The Ten-Day War (or the Slovenian Independence War)

Gulf War

The final conflict initiated with United Nations authorization, by a coalition force from 34 nations against Iraq, with the expressed purpose of expelling Iraqi forces from Kuwait after its invasion and annexation on 2 August 1990:

Persian Gulf War (commonly referred to as Gulf War) (August, 1990 – February, 1991)


The first tablet computer developed by Apple Inc. in 2010, that it is part of a device category between a smartphone and a laptop computer:


Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)

A type of computer security vulnerability, typically found in web applications, that enables malicious attackers to inject client-side script into web pages viewed by other users, so allows attackers to bypass client-side security mechanisms, and gain elevated access privileges to sensitive page content, session cookies, etc. maintained by the browser on behalf of the users:

Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)


The world's first personal computer:

Kenbak-1 was designed and invented by John Blankenbaker of Kenbak Corporation in 1970 and was first sold in early 1971.

Microsoft HealthVault

A platform from Microsoft to store and maintain health and fitness information:

Microsoft HealthVault

Microsoft HealthVault is started in October 2007 and its website is accessible at


A compact audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed digital data which represents a digital alternative to consumer analog standards, such as S-Video, SCART, component video, D-Terminal, or VGA:

HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface)

Saturday, June 12, 2010

Persian Gulf

The extension of the Indian Ocean located between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia:

Persian Gulf

Indo-European Languages

A family of several hundred related languages and dialects, including most major languages of Europe, the Iranian plateau, and South Asia, and historically also predominant in Anatolia and Central Asia:

Indo-European Languages

Achaemenid Empire

The largest empire in ancient history:

Achaemenid Empire (550–330 BC, also known as the Persian Empire)

Three-age System

The periodization of human prehistory into three consecutive time periods, named for their respective predominant tool-making technologies:

Three-age System
These three consecutive time periods are as follows:
The Stone Age
The Bronze Age
The Iron Age


A set of all the gods of a particular polytheistic religion or mythology:


Rothschild Family

The European dynasty of German Jewish origin that established European banking and finance houses from the late eighteenth century:

Rothschild Family (known as The House of Rothschild, or simply as the Rothschilds)

Wednesday, June 9, 2010


A style of European classical music, started after the Renaissance and was followed by the Classical era, that forms a major portion of the classical music canon:

Baroque Music


A musical style often included as a movement within larger pieces of music starting in the Baroque period, used for arias in Baroque operas, and often appeared as a movement in instrumental works:

Siciliana (or Siciliano)

Tuesday, June 8, 2010

Boaz and Jachin

The name of The Two Frontal Columns of Solomon's Temple:

Boaz and Jachin

Apocalyptic Fiction

A sub-genre of science fiction, thriller, horror, etc. which is concerned with the end of civilization through a general disaster, nuclear war, plague, etc.:

Apocalyptic Fiction


The practice of destroying, often ceremoniously, books or other written material:

Biblioclasm (also called Libricide, or Book Burning)


The first of five books of the Torah/Pentateuch:

Remember: These five books are: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.


The Five Books of Moses; the entirety of Judaism's founding legal and ethical religious texts:

Torah (also known as the Pentateuch)


The name used in Judaism for the canon of the Hebrew Bible:

Tanakh (also known as the Masoretic Text or the Miqra)


The language of the indigenous population of New Zealand (which has the status of an official language):


Wednesday, June 2, 2010

Aldous Huxley

Brave New World is a novel by:

Aldous Huxley
In 1999, the Modern Library ranked Brave New World fifth on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century.

See: Introducing Novels Everyone Must Read (Kindle Edition)

Introducing Novels Everyone Must Read (Kindle Edition)


The programming language which is used primarily on Apple's Mac OS X and iPhone OS:

Objective-C, created primarily by Brad Cox and Tom Love in the early 1980s at their company Stepstone, is an object-oriented programming language, which adds some Smalltalk features to the C programming language.


A general term used to describe the conversion of analog (continuous) data to digital (discrete) data:

A/D (Analog to Digital)


Standard software protocol and applications programming interface (API) that regulates communication between software applications and imaging devices such as digital cameras and scanners:

TWAIN (widely known as Technology Without An Interesting Name)

The TWAIN initiative was originally launched in 1992 by leading industry vendors who recognized a need for a standard software protocol and applications programming interface (API) that regulates communication between software applications and imaging devices (the source of the data). TWAIN defines that standard. The three key elements in TWAIN are the application software, the Source Manager software and the Data Source software. The application uses the TWAIN toolkit which is shipped for free. [Reference: TWAIN,]

Tuesday, June 1, 2010


The lowest portion of Earth's atmosphere which contains about %75 of the atmosphere's mass and %99 of its water vapor and aerosols:


Cirrus Clouds

Clouds form above 23,000 feet in the cold region of the troposphere:

Cirrus Clouds

Enrico Fermi

An Italian physicist whom is mainly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor, his contributions to the development of quantum theory, nuclear and particle physics, and statistical mechanics:

Enrico Fermi (1901–1954)


Around 450 B.C., the idea of the atom - the idea that states everything is composed entirely of various imperishable, indivisible elements called atoms - was first introduced by: